Our Plan is based upon the following key principles:
- Ongoing participation by citizens in the Route 40 Corridor will be essential to monitor conditions in the Corridor, actively support individual projects, and advocate for project funding.
- The projects in the Plan should be built as conditions dictate and not before. Providing unneeded road capacity beyond what is needed for currently planned development, creates pressure for additional growth and development, and the potential for attracting additional through traffic to the corridor.
- Bicycle, pedestrian, and transit improvements are offered as alternatives to the automobile; however, current development patterns in the corridor will make it difficult to rely on these alternatives as a way to manage and reduce congestion.
- Immediate congestion and safety concerns are addressed in Phase I (2000-2007), providing a foundation on which to build future projects.
- Initial design for all the projects in the 20-Year Plan will be completed during Phase I (2000-2007).
- With initial design complete, right of way will be identified and preserved so that future transportation projects can be built as conditions dictate.
All projects we identified and included in the Plan have been placed in one of two categories. The first category consists of currently needed projects. These needs are based on:
- Traffic analysis, indicating which currently failing intersection movements with significant delays can be relieved by minor widening.
- Short-term problems, including safety concerns, identified by the Steering Committee (Action Team projects).
- Transportation network needs (pedestrian, bicycle and transit connections) as discussed by the Working Groups.
The second category is triggered projects; that is, projects that are not yet justified, but are anticipated to be needed at some time within the next 20 years. These projects will be "triggered" for implementation by:
- Changes in land use and development patterns;
- Changes in level of service (LOS), either intersection or arterial;
- Increases in transit ridership;
- Identified safety problems;
- Significant transportation improvements outside the corridor; or
- A combination of these factors.
The Plan includes a variety of projects, ranging from bicycle, pedestrian, and transit improvements to construction of interchanges and, over time, the widening of Route 40. The following maps and tables provide an overview of the Plan components; the appendixes address the major components in more detail.
Cost of the Plan
The total cost of the Plan over the next 20 years is estimated to be $359 million, as itemized in this figure.
- The total cost does not include operating costs for transit services in the Corridor, which could total approximately $30 million over the next 20 years.
- For projects triggered by development activity, DelDOT and New Castle County should encourage developers, through the plan review process, to contribute toward the costs of those projects.
- The Plan represents a request for an expanded level of investment in the Corridor, relative to current funding levels, over the next 20 years. Funding is subject to statewide appropriations.
- Ongoing citizen support will be a critical element in achieving funding levels envisioned by this Plan.
- If sufficient funds are not available over the 20-year time frame for the full $359 million Plan, projects in Phases I and II would be implemented as a first priority.
Results of the Plan
Our work indicates that in 2020, the following results will be achieved through implementation of the Plan:
- Planned land uses and patterns, regulated through New Castle County's Unified Development Code process, are accommodated by the Plan.
- In 2020, only two Route 40 intersections are projected to be congested-Governors Square/Glendale Plaza and SR 72.
- In 2020, travel times from one end of the corridor to the other will be equal to or only slightly higher than they are today.
- Transit services will be tripled, at a minimum, compared to current levels.
- By 2020, there will be approximately 70 miles of new sidewalk in the Corridor, and a person will be able to walk or bicycle from one end of Route 40 to the other on new sidepaths.